Museum Victoria is responsible for the state's scientific and cultural collections, providing public access through 3 museums. They also oversee a wide range of research programmes, the continued development of the state's collections, and run major education and research based websites. Museum Victoria is the largest public museums organisation in Australia.
As the state's museum, Museum Victoria is responsible for more than 16 million individual items. These objects are organised within three priceless collections - Sciences, Indigenous Cultures, History and Technology. Museum Victoria operates the Melbourne Museum in Carlton Gardens, Scienceworks and Melbourne Planetarium in Spotswood, and the Immigration Museum in Melbourne's Old Customs House in Flinders Street. They are also custodians for the heritage listed Royal Exhibition Building.
The National Museum of Victoria, the state's first museum, was established in 1854. In 1870, the Industrial and Technological Museum of Victoria, later known as the Science Museum, was built. These institutions were amalgamated and Museum Victoria was established in 1983.