One World Romania Association started in 2009 and is the organizer of the only human rights film festival in Romania. The festival started in Bucharest in 2008 and was initiated by the Czech Center Bucharest, together with One World Prague, the human rights documentary film festival initiated by Václav Havel in 1999. As of 2009, One World Romania is an independent festival.
Every year in March, the festival features over 40 new documentary films and invites the public to debates with the festival guests. Besides this major event, the Association also organizes various echoes of the festival films throughout the year in other cities in Romania. Through the SAHIA project, which started in 2013, One World Romania contributes to retrieving and protecting film heritage. With its newest project, KineDok, it helps develop a network for alternative documentary distribution. In 2012, One World Romania became the first festival in Romania to launch a DVD collection, which now includes 15 titles.
In the past, the Association has organized various events and workshops dedicated to high school teachers and students. The pilot for the One World Romania at School program took place in 2014 with the support of Czech Embassy in Bucharest and CEZ Romania, with financial support from the Fund for Civic Innovation, a program financed by Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe, sponsored by Raiffeisen Bank, administered by The Foundation for Civil Society Development.
2015 marks the beginning of the One World Romania at School program with a new team, an educational platform and year-round events for teachers and students.